• Capital: Shimla (Summer), Dharamshala (Winter)
  • Formation: January 25, 1971
  • Chief Minister: Jai Ram Thakur
  • Governor: Rajendra Arlekar
  • Area: 55,673 square kilometers
  • Population: Over 7 million (as per the last census in 2011)
  • Density: Approximately 123 persons per square kilometer
  • Official Language: Hindi
  • Major Rivers: Beas, Sutlej, Ravi, and Yamuna
  • Highest Point: Reo Purgyil (6,816 meters) in the Himalayan range
  • Official Animal: Snow Leopard
  • Official Bird: Western Tragopan
  • Official Tree: Deodar Cedar
  • Economy: Primarily agrarian, with a growing focus on tourism and hydroelectric power generation.
  • Tourist Destinations: Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, and Kullu are popular hill stations attracting tourists from around the world.
  • Rohtang Pass: A high mountain pass connecting Kullu Valley with Lahaul and Spiti Valley, offering breathtaking views.
  • Apple Orchards: Himachal Pradesh is known for its extensive apple orchards, particularly in areas like Kinnaur and Shimla.
  • Chamba Rumal: Traditional hand-embroidered handkerchiefs from Chamba are famous for their intricate designs.
  • Dharamshala: Known for being the residence of the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan government-in-exile.
  • Kangra Valley Railway: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this narrow-gauge railway offers scenic views of the Kangra Valley.
  • Kasauli: A serene hill station with colonial architecture and the Christ Church, established in 1853.
  • Skiing in Solang Valley: Famous for winter sports like skiing, snowboarding, and paragliding.
  • Great Himalayan National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, known for its diverse flora and fauna.
  • Kalka-Shimla Railway: Another UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is a picturesque mountain railway.
  • Folk Dances: Himachali folk dances like Nati, Kulluvi, and Chamba dances are an integral part of the cultural heritage.
  • Tibetan Monasteries: The region is dotted with Tibetan monasteries, including the Namgyal Monastery in McLeod Ganj.
  • Bhuntar Airport: The airport in Kullu serves as a gateway to the popular tourist destinations in the region.
  • Shimla Summer Festival: A cultural extravaganza held annually in Shimla, featuring music, dance, and local crafts.
  • Kullu Dussehra: Celebrated in the Dhalpur Maidan, Kullu Dussehra is one of the most renowned and traditional fairs in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Famous Temples: Hadimba Temple in Manali, Jwalamukhi Temple in Kangra, and Baijnath Temple are significant religious sites.
  • Bir Billing: A famous paragliding destination, it hosts the annual Paragliding World Cup.
  • Dal Lake, Dharamshala: Not to be confused with the one in Jammu and Kashmir, it is a serene lake surrounded by deodar trees.
  • Palampur: Known for its tea gardens, Palampur is a charming town with scenic landscapes.
  • Fagu: A small village near Shimla known for its apple orchards and panoramic views of the surrounding mountains.
  • Naggar Castle: A historic castle near Manali, showcasing traditional Himachali architecture.
  • Narkanda: Famous for skiing and panoramic views of the snow-capped Himalayas.
  • Renuka Lake: The largest lake in Himachal Pradesh, named after Renuka, the mother of Parshuram.
  • Guru Ghantal Monastery: An ancient monastery in Lahaul, known for its ancient scriptures and artifacts.
  • Himachal Pradesh University: Located in Shimla, it is a leading educational institution in the state.
  • Jalori Pass: A high mountain pass in Kullu district, offering stunning views and trekking opportunities.
  • Chail: Home to the world’s highest cricket ground and the Chail Palace.
  1. Solan: Known as the “Mushroom City of India,” Solan is a major center for mushroom cultivation.
  2. Gaddi Tribe: The Gaddi people are indigenous to Himachal Pradesh and have a distinct culture and lifestyle.
  3. Shilaroo Hockey Stadium: One of the highest hockey stadiums in the world, located in Shimla.
  4. Naina Devi Temple: Perched on a hill, this temple in Bilaspur is dedicated to Goddess Naina Devi.
  • Trilokinath Temple: An ancient temple in Lahaul, revered by both Hindus and Buddhists.
  1. Shrikhand Mahadev Trek: A challenging trek leading to the sacred Shrikhand Mahadev peak.
  2. Baijnath Group of Temples: Situated in Kangra, these ancient temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva.
  3. Himalayan Nature Park, Kufri: A wildlife park showcasing flora and fauna native to the region.
  4. Hariraya Temple, Chamba: An ancient wooden temple known for its intricate carvings and architecture.
  • Bhuri Singh Museum, Chamba: Dedicated to the art and culture of Chamba, this museum houses a rich collection of artifacts.

    • Famous Paintings: The Pahari School of miniature paintings in Himachal Pradesh is known for its exquisite artistry.

    • Shiva Lingam Ice Formation: In the village of Khirganga, during winters, an ice Shiva Lingam forms naturally, attracting pilgrims.

    • Lavi Fair, Rampur: One of the oldest trade fairs in Himachal Pradesh, it reflects the traditional trade practices of the region.

    • Himalayan Trout Fish Farm, Manali: A unique farm where visitors can experience trout fish farming and enjoy fresh trout dishes.

    • Chindi: A charming village known for its apple orchards, Chindi is an offbeat destination offering tranquility.

    • Tattapani Hot Springs: Located on the banks of the Sutlej River, Tattapani is famous for its hot sulfur springs.

    • Shivkalin Khad Bridge, Bilaspur: Known as the “floating bridge,” it submerges during the monsoon season and re-emerges during winters.

    • Churdhar Peak: The highest peak in the outer Himalayas, offering panoramic views of the surrounding mountains.

    • Malana: Known for its distinct cultural practices and considered one of the oldest democracies in the world.

    • Raghunath Temple, Manali: An ancient temple dedicated to Lord Raghunath, known for its intricate wood carvings.

    • Barot Valley: A lesser-explored valley with lush landscapes, trout-filled rivers, and the Uhl River Hydroelectric Project.

    • Rampur Bushahr: An ancient town with the Padam Palace, showcasing a blend of colonial and Himachali architecture.

    • Maa Bhimakali Temple, Sarahan: An important pilgrimage site dedicated to Goddess Bhimakali, it has a unique architectural style.

    • Sangla Valley: Known for its picturesque landscapes, apple orchards, and the Kamru Fort.

    • Kuthar Fort: A historic fort in Solan with beautiful gardens and architectural marvels.

    • Luhri Hydroelectric Project: One of the oldest hydroelectric projects in India, harnessing the power of the Sutlej River.

    • Chanshal Pass: A high mountain pass connecting Dodra Kwar and Rohru, offering stunning views of the Himalayas.

    • Shoja: A peaceful hamlet with alpine meadows and dense forests, providing an ideal getaway.

    • Haripur-Guler State: The erstwhile princely state known for its artistic traditions, especially the Guler-Kangra style of miniature paintings.

    • Kasol: Often referred to as “Mini Israel,” Kasol is a popular destination for backpackers and nature enthusiasts.

    • Tibetan Monastery, Manali: A serene monastery showcasing Tibetan art and culture.

    • Sarahan: Home to the Bhimakali Temple, Sarahan offers breathtaking views of the Himalayas.

    • Pragpur: A heritage village in Kangra Valley, known for its well-preserved architectural beauty.

    • Bhakra Dam: One of the highest gravity dams in the world, constructed on the Sutlej River.

    • Ranital Garden, Palampur: A beautiful garden offering a peaceful retreat with its lush greenery and scenic views.

    • Rumsu: A small village near Manali, known for its apple orchards and traditional Himachali architecture.

    • Chamunda Devi Temple: A prominent temple near Dharamshala dedicated to Goddess Chamunda.

    • Himachali Cuisine: Famous for dishes like Sidu, Thenthuk, and Babru, showcasing the unique culinary traditions of the region.

    • Trekking Paradise: Himachal Pradesh is a haven for trekking enthusiasts, offering numerous trekking trails with varying difficulty levels.