• Capital: Shillong
  • Formation: January 21, 1972
  • Chief Minister: Conrad Sangma ( 2024 )
  • Governor: Phagu Chauhan ( 2024)
  • Area: 22,429 square kilometers
  • Population: Over 3.5 million (as per the last census in 2011)
  • Density: Approximately 158 persons per square kilometer
  • Official Languages: Khasi, Garo, English
  • Major Rivers: Umngot, Simtung, Ganol, and others
  • Highest Point: Shillong Peak (1,966 meters)
  • Official Animal: Clouded Leopard
  • Official Bird: Hill Myna
  • Official Tree: Gamhar
  • Living Root Bridges: Meghalaya is famous for its natural living root bridges, created by training the roots of rubber trees over several decades.
  • Cherrapunji: One of the wettest places on Earth, known for its lush landscapes and the Nohkalikai Falls, the tallest plunge waterfall in India.
  • Mawsynram: Holds the record for being the wettest place on Earth, receiving exceptionally high annual rainfall.
  • Dawki River: Known for its crystal-clear waters and the annual boat race during the Dawki River Festival.
  • Meghalaya Legislative Assembly: The state has a unicameral legislature with 60 seats.
  • Sacred Groves: Meghalaya is known for its sacred groves, areas protected by local communities for their religious and ecological significance.
  • Jaintia Hills: One of the three districts of Meghalaya, known for its scenic landscapes and limestone caves.
  • Garbhanga Reserve Forest: A wildlife sanctuary known for its biodiversity, including elephants, tigers, and various species of birds.
  • Wards Lake: A popular tourist spot in Shillong, known for its serene surroundings and boating facilities.
  • Khasi Hills: The central part of Meghalaya, known for its scenic beauty and cultural heritage of the Khasi people.
  • Livingstonia: A village near Shillong known for its unique monoliths and historical significance.
  • Siju Caves: Located in the Garo Hills, these limestone caves are known for their stalactite and stalagmite formations.
  • Shad Suk Mynsiem: A traditional Khasi festival celebrated with dance, music, and rituals to honor the goddess of Shillong Peak.
  • Mawphlang Sacred Forest: A sacred grove near Shillong, known for its rich biodiversity and unique plant species.
  • Balpakram National Park: Located in the South Garo Hills, it is known for its diverse flora and fauna, including the rare Red Panda.
  • Cherrapunji Holiday Resort: Offers panoramic views of the surrounding hills and valleys.
  • Mairang: A town known for its vibrant markets and the historic Nartiang Monoliths.
  • Dainadubi Tourist Complex: A popular tourist destination offering breathtaking views of the landscape.
  • Ranikor: Known for its scenic beauty and the Umngot River, offering opportunities for angling and boat rides.
  • Smit: A village known for its sacred forests and as the traditional seat of the Khasi chiefs.
  • Nongkhnum River Island: The largest river island in Meghalaya, located on the Brahmaputra River, known for its natural beauty.
  • Ranikor Fishing Resort: An ideal destination for fishing enthusiasts, situated along the Umngot River.
  • Mawlynnong: Voted as the cleanest village in Asia, known for its cleanliness and community-based eco-tourism initiatives.
  • Mawjymbuin Cave: Famous for its naturally occurring Shiva Lingam-shaped stalagmite and unique limestone formations.
  • Nohsngithiang Falls: Also known as the Seven Sisters Falls, it is a group of seven waterfalls cascading down the cliffs.
  • Ranikor River: A picturesque river known for its clear waters and as a popular fishing spot.
  • Baghmara: A town in South Garo Hills, known for its scenic landscapes and proximity to Balpakram National Park.
  • Garo Hills Autonomous District Council (GHADC): An autonomous district council governing the Garo Hills region.
  • Umiam Lake: A beautiful artificial reservoir on the Umiam River, offering water-based recreational activities.
  • Siju Bird Sanctuary: A haven for birdwatchers, known for its diverse avian species, including migratory birds.
  • Mawlai Mawroh: A locality in Shillong, known for its picturesque landscapes and vibrant community life.
  • Mynteng Village: Famous for its annual Wangala Festival, celebrating the harvest season with traditional music and dance.
  • Ampati: The district headquarters of South West Garo Hills, known for its cultural heritage and scenic beauty.
  • Baitbari: A village in the South Garo Hills, known for its lush greenery and traditional Garo culture.
  • Jowai: The largest town in the Jaintia Hills, known for its picturesque landscapes and cultural richness.
  • Langpih: A village near the India-Bangladesh border, known for its historical significance.
  • Wangala Festival: Celebrated by the Garo tribe, this harvest festival involves traditional dance, music, and merriment.
  • Lumpongdeng Island: Also known as the ‘Floating Island,’ it is a unique natural phenomenon on the Umiam Lake, where a mass of vegetation floats on the surface.

  1. Williamnagar: A town in the East Garo Hills, named after Captain Williamson A. Sangma, known for its scenic landscapes.

  2. Jaintia Coal Mines: The Jaintia Hills were historically known for their coal mines, although issues related to environmental degradation have led to regulatory measures.

  3. Tura Peak: The highest peak in the Garo Hills, providing panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes.

  4. Mawkdok Dympep Valley View: A popular viewpoint near Cherrapunji, offering breathtaking views of the lush green valleys.

  5. Dawki-Tamabil Border Crossing: A border crossing between India and Bangladesh near Dawki, known for its clear waters and vibrant trade activities.

  6. Mendipathar: A town in North Garo Hills, known for its natural beauty and as a hub for trade and commerce.

  7. Kynrem Falls: The highest waterfall in Meghalaya, located near Cherrapunji, with cascading tiers and lush green surroundings.

  8. Garo Matrilineal Society: The Garo community follows a matrilineal system, where lineage and inheritance are traced through the mother’s side.

  9. Ranikor Golf Course: A golf course in Ranikor, offering a unique setting with beautiful landscapes for golf enthusiasts.

  10. Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary: A sanctuary in the Ri Bhoi district, known for its diverse flora and fauna, including the rare Hoolock Gibbon.

  11. Songsarek: A picturesque village in the East Garo Hills, offering stunning views of the surrounding hills and landscapes.

  12. Laitlum Canyons: Often referred to as the ‘End of the Hills,’ these canyons near Shillong offer panoramic views of the hills and valleys.

  13. Ialong Park: A park in Jowai, known for its well-maintained gardens and as a popular recreational spot.

  14. Meghalaya State Pollution Control Board (MSPCB): Works towards the prevention and control of environmental pollution in the state.

  15. Adokgre: A village in West Garo Hills, known for its traditional Garo culture and festivals.

  16. Siju-Rewak Elephant Reserve: A protected area for elephants, promoting conservation and habitat preservation.

  17. Nokrek National Park: A biosphere reserve and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, known for its biodiversity, including the rare citrus species.

  18. Dambuk Village: A scenic village near Shillong, offering a tranquil escape with beautiful landscapes.

  19. Meghalaya Tourism Development Corporation (MTDC): Promotes tourism in the state and operates various tourist facilities.

  • Nartiang Monoliths: Ancient monoliths in the Jaintia Hills, serving as a cultural and historical landmark.

    1. Mendipathar Cold Storage: One of the largest cold storage facilities in Meghalaya, contributing to agricultural development.

    2. Siju Bird Song Festival: Celebrates the rich avian diversity of the region, attracting birdwatching enthusiasts.

    3. Mawthadraishan Peak: A prominent peak in the West Khasi Hills, known for its trekking trails and panoramic views.

    4. Dawki-Umngot River Festival: Celebrates the crystal-clear waters of the Umngot River with boat races and cultural events.

    5. Lyngksiar: A village near Shillong, known for its lush green landscapes and as a serene retreat.

    6. Baljek Airport: A small airstrip near Tura, facilitating air connectivity in the Garo Hills region.

    7. Meghalaya State Warehousing Corporation (MSWC): Involved in the warehousing and storage of agricultural produce.

    8. Dwarksuid: A village in the East Khasi Hills, known for its natural beauty and traditional agricultural practices.

    9. Jowai Presbyterian Church: A historic church in Jowai, reflecting the influence of Christianity in the region.

    10. Meghalaya Board of School Education (MBOSE): Governing body for school education in the state.

    11. Ranikor Fishing Festival: Attracts fishing enthusiasts from across the region to the Umngot River.

    12. Meghalaya Basin Development Authority (MBDA): Works on sustainable development and management of water resources.

    13. Dikki Bandi Stadium: A sports stadium in Tura, hosting various athletic and cultural events.

    14. Jatinga: A village known for the mysterious phenomenon where birds are attracted to lights during the monsoon.

    15. Baghmara Pitcher Plant Sanctuary: Dedicated to the conservation of pitcher plants, unique to the Garo Hills.

    16. Mairang Civil Subdivision: Administrative subdivision in the West Khasi Hills, known for its administrative importance.

    17. Umngot River Bridge: A picturesque bridge over the Umngot River, providing stunning views of the surroundings.

    18. Rongrenggiri: A village in the East Khasi Hills, known for its traditional festivals and cultural heritage.

    19. Mandarins of Meghalaya: The state is known for its delicious mandarin oranges, locally known as ‘Soh Shang.’