• Capital: Gangtok
  • Formation: Sikkim became the 22nd state of India on May 16, 1975.
  • Chief Minister: Prem Singh Tamang (Golay) – 2024 
  • Governor: Lakshman Acharya ( 2024)
  • Area: Approximately 7,096 square kilometers
  • Population: Around 6.7 lakhs (as per the last census in 2011)
  • Density: Approximately 86 persons per square kilometer
  • Official Languages: Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu
  • Nathu La Pass: A strategic mountain pass on the India-China border, known for its historical significance.
  • Kanchenjunga: The third-highest mountain in the world, with a part of its base in Sikkim.
  • Gurudongmar Lake: One of the highest lakes in the world, located at an altitude of about 17,800 feet.
  • Pelling: A scenic town offering breathtaking views of the Himalayas, including Kanchenjunga.
  • Rumtek Monastery: A prominent Tibetan Buddhist monastery, considered one of the most important in Sikkim.
  • Tsomgo Lake: A glacial lake at an elevation of 12,313 feet, known for its beauty and religious significance.
  • Sikkim Himalayan Zoological Park: Home to various species of flora and fauna native to the Himalayas.
  • Yuksom: The historic town where the first Chogyal (monarch) of Sikkim was consecrated.
  • Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary: A sanctuary known for its diverse flora and fauna, including red pandas.
  • Namchi: The district headquarters of South Sikkim, known for its picturesque landscapes.
  • Dzongri Trek: A popular trekking destination offering panoramic views of the Kanchenjunga range.
  • Lingdum Monastery (Ranka Monastery): A beautiful monastery located near Gangtok, surrounded by lush greenery.
  • Red Panda: Sikkim is known for being a habitat for the endangered red panda.
  • Kabi Lungchok: The historic site where the treaty of blood brotherhood between the Lepcha chief and the Bhutia chief was signed.
  • Sikkim State Biodiversity Board: Works towards the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the state.
  • Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary: Located in South Sikkim, it is known for its rich biodiversity.
  • Rongmei Naga Tribe: A significant tribal community residing in parts of Sikkim.
  • Sikkim Manipal University: A major private university offering a range of academic programs.
  • Khangchendzonga National Park: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, home to diverse flora, fauna, and glaciers.
  • Kabi Longstok: The place where the historic meeting took place between the Lepchas and Bhutias.
  • Sikkim-Darjeeling Tourist Circuit: A popular tourist route combining the attractions of Sikkim and Darjeeling.
  • Changu Lake: Also known as Tsomgo Lake, it freezes during the winter and is considered sacred by locals.
  • Gangtok Ropeway: Offers panoramic views of the city and surrounding hills.
  • Khedi Trek: A lesser-known trekking route offering tranquility and natural beauty.
  • Sikkim Express: A prominent daily newspaper published in Gangtok.
  • Zero Point: A high-altitude area near Yumthang Valley, offering views of snow-capped mountains.
  • Sikkim Legislative Assembly: The state has a unicameral legislature with 32 seats.
  • Mangan: The district headquarters of North Sikkim.
  • Sikkim Himalayan Range: An extension of the Eastern Himalayas, running through the state.
  • Lachen: A picturesque village and the starting point for trips to Gurudongmar Lake.
  • Sikkim Science Centre: Located in Gangtok, it aims to promote scientific awareness and education.
  • Kabi Lungchok: A historical site commemorating the friendship treaty between the Lepchas and Bhutias.
  • Goecha La: A high mountain pass offering stunning views of Kanchenjunga and surrounding peaks.
  • Yumthang Valley: Known as the “Valley of Flowers,” famous for its vibrant blooms.
  • Rabdentse Ruins: The remnants of the second capital of the former Kingdom of Sikkim.
  • Temple of Tashiding: A sacred site in West Sikkim, known for its religious significance.
  • Sikkim State Disaster Management Authority (SSDMA): Works on disaster preparedness and mitigation in the state.
  • Pang Lhabsol Festival: A unique festival celebrating the protective deities of Sikkim.
  • Sikkim Mountaineering Association: Promotes adventure sports and mountaineering activities in the state.
  • Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve: Encompassing various protected areas, it is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.
  • Pakyong Airport: The only airport in Sikkim, inaugurated in 2018 to improve connectivity.
  • Sikkim State Film Award: Recognizes excellence in the Sikkimese film industry.
  • Sikkim Organic Mission: Sikkim became India’s first fully organic state in 2016, promoting sustainable agriculture practices.

  1. Ravangla: A serene town in South Sikkim, known for its pleasant climate and the Buddha Park.

  2. Temi Tea Garden: Sikkim’s only tea estate, producing high-quality organic tea on the slopes of the Tendong Hill.

  3. Lepcha Museum, Gangtok: Showcases the rich culture and heritage of the Lepcha community, the original inhabitants of Sikkim.

  4. Tendong Hill: A sacred hill believed to have saved the people of Sikkim from a deluge, offering panoramic views of the surrounding areas.

  5. Himalayan Zoological Park, Bulbuley: A conservation park near Gangtok, providing a natural habitat for Himalayan species.

  6. Denzong Cinema: One of the oldest cinema halls in Gangtok, showcasing a blend of Bollywood and local Sikkimese films.

  7. Kirateshwar Mahadev Temple, Legship: A sacred Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, visited by pilgrims during the Bala Chaturdesi festival.

  8. Mangan Music Festival: An annual music festival showcasing local talent and promoting cultural exchange.

  9. Sikkimese Cuisine: Known for its unique flavors, including dishes like Phagshapa (pork stew) and Gundruk (fermented leafy greens).

  10. Yuksom Coronation Throne: The stone throne where the first Chogyal of Sikkim was crowned in 1642.

  11. Sikkim Border Roads Organization (BRO): Works on constructing and maintaining strategic roads along the borders.

  12. Rumtek Dharma Chakra Centre: A significant Tibetan Buddhist monastery and seat of the Karmapa Lama.

  13. Sikkim State Commission for Women: Works towards the empowerment and protection of women’s rights in the state.

  14. Lingtam Village: Known for its natural beauty, agricultural terraces, and as a starting point for the trek to Baram Hill.

  15. Phensang Monastery: An important monastery in North Sikkim, housing a vast collection of scriptures.

  16. Kabi Zhak: The Historic Stone Pillar: Commemorates the oath of blood brotherhood between the Lepchas and Bhutias in 13th century AD.

  17. Sikkim State Archives: Located in Gangtok, it preserves and maintains historical records and documents.

  18. Chakung: A quaint village in West Sikkim, offering stunning views of the Khangchendzonga range.

  19. Sikkim Subject Committee (SSC): Oversees matters related to the unique Sikkim Subject, a system governing the residency and employment of people in Sikkim.

  • Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology (SMIT): A prominent engineering and technology institute in the state.

    1. Yak Safari in Dzongu: A unique experience offering tourists the chance to explore the pristine Dzongu region on yaks.

    2. Sikkim Himalayan Gateway Festival: An annual cultural and tourism festival celebrating the diverse heritage of Sikkim.

    3. Kabi Lapchen: A historical site near Gangtok, associated with the legendary love story of the Lepcha prince and the Bhutia princess.

    4. Legship Hot Springs: Natural hot springs in South Sikkim, known for their therapeutic properties.

    5. Ravangla Buddha Park: Home to a giant statue of Lord Buddha and beautifully landscaped gardens.

    6. Fray Buddhist Monastery: Located near Mangan, it offers a serene environment for meditation and spiritual retreats.

    7. Kabi Lungchok Reshi: A picturesque spot with a bridge over the Rangit River, surrounded by lush greenery.

    8. Sikkim Himalayan Homestay: A unique way for tourists to experience the warm hospitality of Sikkimese families.

    9. Lachen Gompa: A monastery in North Sikkim, known for its religious significance and traditional architecture.

    10. Sikkim State Human Rights Commission (SSHRC): Works towards protecting and promoting human rights in the state.

    11. Lingsey: A small village in East Sikkim, known for its traditional agricultural practices and serene landscapes.

    12. Cholamu Lake: The highest lake in India, situated in the northern part of Sikkim.

    13. Dongkha La Wildlife Sanctuary: Home to diverse flora and fauna, it is a protected area in North Sikkim.

    14. Saramsa Garden: A beautiful botanical garden near Gangtok, showcasing a variety of plant species.

    15. Sikkim Satyagraha: The non-violent movement led by Kazi Lhendup Dorjee against the merger of Sikkim with India in the 1950s.

    16. Rani Khola Hydroelectric Project: A major hydroelectric power project contributing to the state’s energy needs.

    17. Rinchenpong: A serene town in West Sikkim, known for its panoramic views of the Himalayas.

    18. Ganesh Tok: A small temple dedicated to Lord Ganesh, offering panoramic views of Gangtok.

    19. Sikkim Biodiversity Conservation and Forest Management Project: A conservation initiative to protect the rich biodiversity of the state.