• Capital: Chennai
  • Formation: Tamil Nadu was established on November 1, 1956, and is the 11th-largest state in India.
  • Chief Minister: M. K. Stalin ( 2024 )
  • Governor: R. N. Ravi ( 2024 )
  • Area: Tamil Nadu covers an area of approximately 130,060 square kilometers.
  • Population: With over 72 million people, it is one of the most populous states in India.
  • Density: Around 550 persons per square kilometer.
  • Official Language: Tamil
  • State Animal: Nilgiri Tahr
  • State Bird: Common Emerald Dove
  • State Flower: Gloriosa Lily
  • State Tree: Palm Tree
  • Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve: A UNESCO Biosphere Reserve known for its rich marine biodiversity.
  • Kanyakumari: The southernmost point of mainland India, where the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean meet.
  • Meenakshi Amman Temple: Located in Madurai, it is a historic Hindu temple dedicated to Goddess Meenakshi and Lord Sundareswarar.
  • Marina Beach: One of the longest urban beaches in the world, stretching along the Bay of Bengal in Chennai.
  • Kanchipuram: Known as the “City of a Thousand Temples,” it is famous for its silk sarees and historic temples.
  • Rock Fort Temple, Trichy: A historic fort complex with a temple perched on a rock, offering panoramic views of the city.
  • Ooty (Udhagamandalam): A popular hill station in the Nilgiri Hills known for its pleasant climate and tea plantations.
  • Chettinad Cuisine: Known for its unique and flavorful dishes, including Chettinad Chicken Curry and Chettinad Fish Fry.
  • Madras High Court: One of the oldest high courts in India, located in Chennai.
  • Pongal Festival: A major harvest festival celebrated with traditional fervor and cultural events.
  • Tiruvalluvar Statue: A 133-feet tall stone statue of the Tamil poet and philosopher Tiruvalluvar, located in Kanyakumari.
  • Valluvar Kottam: A monument in Chennai dedicated to the classical Tamil poet Tiruvalluvar.
  • MGR Film City: Named after actor and politician M. G. Ramachandran, it is a popular film studio complex in Chennai.
  • Brihadeeswarar Temple, Thanjavur: A UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the largest South Indian temples, dedicated to Lord Shiva.
  • Auroville: An experimental township near Puducherry, known for its focus on community living and spiritual practices.
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU): A leading agricultural university headquartered in Coimbatore.
  • Pamban Bridge: A historic cantilever bridge connecting Rameswaram to the mainland, known for its engineering marvel.
  • Anna Centenary Library: One of the largest libraries in Asia, located in Chennai and named after former Chief Minister C. N. Annadurai.
  • Arignar Anna Zoological Park (Vandalur Zoo): One of the largest zoos in India, located near Chennai.
  • Vivekananda Rock Memorial: Situated on a small island near Kanyakumari, it commemorates Swami Vivekananda’s meditation.
  • Sri Ranganatha Swamy Temple, Srirangam: One of the holiest temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu, located on an island in the Cauvery River.
  • Poompuhar: An ancient port city mentioned in Tamil literature, known for its archaeological significance.
  • Saravana Bhavan: A popular chain of vegetarian restaurants originating from Tamil Nadu, with a global presence.
  • Madurai Jasmine: Known for its distinct fragrance, the Madurai Malli (Jasmine) is widely used in religious ceremonies and garlands.
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural Marketing Board (TAMCO): Facilitates agricultural marketing and provides support to farmers.
  • Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary: One of the oldest water bird sanctuaries in India, providing a habitat for migratory birds.
  • Kodaikanal: A hill station in the Western Ghats known for its scenic beauty, Kodaikanal Lake, and Coaker’s Walk.
  • Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC): Manages the public transportation system across the state.
  • Madras Stock Exchange: One of the oldest stock exchanges in India, based in Chennai.
  • Tamil Nadu Industrial Development Corporation (TIDCO): Promotes industrial development and investment in the state.
  • Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve: One of the largest protected areas in the Western Ghats, known for its biodiversity.
  • Kumbakonam: Known for its temples, cultural heritage, and as a center of education and arts.
  • Tamil Isai (Music): The state has a rich tradition of classical music, with renowned composers like Tyagaraja and Muthuswami Dikshitar.
  • Veeran Alagumuthu Kone: A freedom fighter from Tamil Nadu who played a crucial role in resisting British rule.
  • Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant: One of India’s nuclear power facilities, located in Tirunelveli district.
  • Tamil Nadu Handicrafts Development Corporation (Poompuhar): Promotes traditional handicrafts and handlooms of the state.
  • Gingee Fort: A historic fort complex in Villupuram district, known for its architectural grandeur.
  • Mylapore Kapaleeswarar Temple: A famous Shiva temple in Chennai, known for its Dravidian architecture and religious significance.
  • Tamil Nadu Open University (TNOU): Established to provide opportunities for higher education through open and distance learning.

  1. Cholamandal Artists’ Village: Located in Chennai, it is an artist commune and an important center for contemporary art.

  2. Tamil Nadu Fisheries University: A specialized university focusing on fisheries and aquaculture research and education.

  3. Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT): A prestigious private university with campuses in Vellore and Chennai, known for engineering and technology programs.

  4. Valluvar Kottam Biannual Marathon: An annual marathon held in Chennai, promoting fitness and community engagement.

  5. Vaigai Dam: An important dam built across the Vaigai River in Madurai district, contributing to irrigation and water supply.

  6. Aranmanai Kili: A traditional dance form of Tamil Nadu, performed during festive occasions and celebrations.

  7. Periyar Tiger Reserve: Located in the Western Ghats, it is known for its tiger population and diverse wildlife.

  8. Veerapandiya Kattabomman Memorial Fort: Commemorates the brave Tamil warrior Veerapandiya Kattabomman, located near Panchalankurichi.

  9. Coimbatore: Known as the “Manchester of South India,” it is an industrial and educational hub.

  10. Tamil Nadu Newsprint and Papers Limited (TNPL): A major paper manufacturing company contributing to the state’s economy.

  11. Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board (TNPCB): Works towards environmental protection and pollution control in the state.

  12. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU): A leading agricultural university with a focus on research and extension services.

  13. Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University: A specialized university offering legal education and research.

  14. Madras Crocodile Bank Trust: A reptile zoo and research center focused on the conservation of crocodiles and turtles.

  15. Arangetram: The debut on-stage performance of a dancer, typically in the Bharatanatyam tradition, after years of training.

  16. Kalpakkam Nuclear Power Plant: Houses several nuclear reactors and is an important center for nuclear research.

  17. Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus (CMBT): One of Asia’s largest bus termini, facilitating inter-city and interstate bus services.

  18. Tamil Nadu State Film Awards: Recognizes excellence in Tamil cinema, honoring actors, directors, and technicians.

  19. Pallava Dynasty: The Pallavas, rulers of ancient Tamil Nadu, left behind significant architectural marvels, including Mahabalipuram.

  • Kumari Kandam: A mythical lost continent often mentioned in Tamil literature, believed to be the ancient homeland of the Tamils.

    1. Vazhakkai Podimas: A traditional Tamil dish made from raw bananas, showcasing the culinary diversity of the state.

    2. Tamil Nadu State AIDS Control Society (TANSACS): Works on HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and support programs.

    3. Kanyakumari Bagavathi Amman Temple: A famous temple dedicated to Goddess Bhagavathi, attracting pilgrims and tourists.

    4. Nagercoil: Known for its unique culture and the Nagaraja Temple, dedicated to the serpent deity.

    5. Manonmaniam Sundaranar University: A university in Tirunelveli offering a range of academic programs.

    6. Thirukkural: A classic Tamil text composed by Thiruvalluvar, covering ethical and moral principles.

    7. Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC): Promotes tourism and manages hospitality services across the state.

    8. Tamil Nadu State Human Rights Commission (TNSHRC): Works towards protecting and promoting human rights in the state.

    9. Thoothukudi Port: An important seaport on the southeastern coast, contributing to maritime trade.

    10. Isha Yoga Center: Located in Coimbatore, it is a spiritual retreat founded by Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev.

    11. Ramanujan Mathematical Society: Named after the renowned mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan, it promotes research in mathematics.

    12. Koothu Pattarai: A theater group in Chennai known for promoting traditional Tamil street theater.

    13. Kolam: Traditional geometric patterns created with rice flour or chalk, often seen in front of homes during festivals.

    14. Chennai Super Kings (CSK): A successful franchise in the Indian Premier League (IPL), representing Chennai in cricket.

    15. Gopuram: Elaborate entrance towers seen in South Indian temples, often adorned with intricate sculptures.

    16. Carnatic Music: A classical music tradition originating from Tamil Nadu, characterized by intricate melodies and rhythmic patterns.

    17. Kaveri River: A major river in South India, originating in Karnataka and flowing through Tamil Nadu.

    18. Arakkonam: Known for its historic railway junction and as a key military center.

    19. Jallikattu: A traditional bull-taming sport held during Pongal, showcasing the cultural heritage of Tamil Nadu.